Machine Module

A mechanical artifact that performs a single elementary process step in manufacturing cigarettes, e.g. hopper, rod maker, etc.


A set of machine modules connected to each other so that the finished product can be progressively assembled while materials flow through.

End User

An organisation that runs one or more workcentres to produce cigarettes.


Original Equipment Manufacturer: a manufacturer of machine modules.


A period of time when a machine module is not available for production, e.g. because of a malfunction.

Stop Reason

A message that is reported by the control system of a machine module when a malfunction occurs.

Root Cause

The root cause that caused a malfunction and the consequent downtime.

State Machine

A common approach to control machine modules by means of defining states and transitions. Machine modules perform a function indefinitely in a state. Transitions occur on phsycial and logical conditions.

Energy saving mode

An automatic mode of operation for a machine module that reduces the energy consumption.


A piece of information that affects the operation of a machine module.


The process that verifies that a machine module can operate under a certain set of parameters.

Underlying System

The system that the OPC UA Server is interfacing to higher-level systems like SCADA, MES.