To a Client the transparent RedundantServerSet appears as if it is just a single Server and the Client has no Failover actions to perform. All Servers in the RedundantServerSet have an identical ServerUri and an identical EndpointUrl.
For transparent Redundancy, OPC UA provides data structures to allow Clients to identify which Servers are in the RedundantServerSet, the ServiceLevel of each Server, and which Server is currently responsible for the Client Session. This information is specified in TransparentRedundancyType ObjectType defined in OPC 10000-5. Since the ServerUri is identical for all Servers in the RedundantServerSet, the Servers are identified with a ServerId contained in the information provided in the TransparentRedundancyType Object.
In transparent Redundancy, a Client is not able to control which physical Server it actually connects to. Failover is controlled by the RedundantServerSet and a Client is also not able to actively Failover to another Server in the RedundantServerSet.
All OPC UA interactions within a given Session shall be supported by one Server and the Client is able to identify which Server that is, allowing a complete audit trail for the data. It is the responsibility of the Servers to ensure that information is synchronized between the Servers. A functional Server will take over the Session and Subscriptions from the Failed Server. Failover may require a reconnection of the Client’s SecureChannel but the EndpointUrl of the Server and the ServerUri shall not change. The Client shall be able to continue communication with the Sessions and Subscriptions created on the previously used Server.
Figure 26 provides an abstract view of a transparent RedundantServerSet. The two or more Servers in the RedundantServerSet share a virtual network address and therefore all Servers have the identical EndpointUrl. This includes all other EndpointDescriptions content like identical Certificates and security settings. How this virtual network address is created and managed is vendor specific. There may be special hardware that mediates the network address displayed to the rest of the network. There may be custom hardware, where all components are redundant and Failover at a hardware level automatically. There may even be software based systems where all the transparency is governed completely by software.