This Simple DataType defines a value which is a day in the Gregorian calendar in string. Lexical representation of the string shall conform to calendar date defined in ISO 8601-1:2019.

NOTE: According to ISO 8601-1:2019, ‘calendar date representations are in the form [YYYY-MM-DD]. [YYYY] indicates a four-digit year, 0000 through 9999. [MM] indicates a two-digit month of the year, 01 through 12. [DD] indicates a two-digit day of that month, 01 through 31. For example, “the 5th of April 1981” may be represented as either “1981-04-05” in the extended format or “19810405” in the basic format.’

NOTE: ISO 8601-1:2019 also allows for calendar dates to be written with reduced precision. For example, one may write “1981-04” to mean “1981 April”, and one may simply write “1981” to refer to that year or “19” to refer to the century from 1900 to 1999 inclusive.

NOTE: Although ISO 8601-1:2019 allows both the YYYY-MM-DD and YYYYMMDD formats for complete calendar date representations, if the day [DD] is omitted then only the YYYY-MM format is allowed. By disallowing dates of the form YYYYMM, ISO 8601-1:2019 avoids confusion with the truncated representation YYMMDD (still often used).