For details, see the OPC UA Safety test specification.
The OPC Foundation will publish an automated test tool, the OPC UA Safety Compliance Test Tool (UASCTT), which implements the test cases that are described in the OPC UA Safety test specification using the test principles described in this Clause. The UASCTT will be approved by a Notified Body. It is recommended to use the UASCTT to perform the test cases as described in Clause 12.1, item 5.
An exemplary test principle for OPC UA Safety is presented. The OPC UA Safety test is a fully automated verification based on test patterns covering all paths of the OPC UA Safety state machines. Different types of possible correct and incorrect SPDUs, parameters, and interactions with the upper interface of the SafetyProvider / SafetyConsumer are taken into account. These test patterns together with the expected responses/stimulations are stored as an XML document and imported into the test tool software. The test tool executes the complete test patterns while connected to the OPC UA Safety layer under test, compares the nominal with the actual reactions and is recording the results that can be printed out for the test report.
Figure 28 shows the structure of the layer tester for the SafetyProvider and SafetyConsumer.
Figure 28 – Automated SafetyProvider / SafetyConsumer test
The SafetyProvider / SafetyConsumer tester acts like an opposite SafetyProvider / SafetyConsumer Layer to stimulate the tested SafetyProvider / SafetyConsumer so that all possible states and transitions in the respective state machine are being exercised. Thus, it must be configured according to the deployed OPC UA communication system. This can be done with the help of an XML file associated with the tester.
A so-called “upper tester” runs on top of the SafetyProvider or SafetyConsumer within the device under test (DUT). It transfers data from the SafetyProvider or SafetyConsumer via its SAPI and makes them visible to the test tool via an OPC UA interface that is specified in the OPC UA Safety test specification (“Set Data” in Figure 29 and Figure 30). In a similar way, the upper tester enables the test-tool to set inputs of the SAPI (“Get Data” in Figure 29 and Figure 30).
The upper tester is implemented by the vendor of the DUT using standard program languages such as C/C++, IEC 61131-3 or Structured Text and does not need to be executed in a safety-related way.
Detailed requirements for the upper tester are described in the OPC UA Safety test specification.
Figure 29 – “Upper Tester” within the SafetyProvider